Plot World history with Andrey Sidorchik
Eighty years later, when the volleys of a terrible war have died down long ago, in warm and cozy apartments some ordinary people with & nbsp; diplomas from universities like to speculate about the & nbsp; ethics and & nbsp; morality of those who fought with & nbsp; fascists in & nbsp; -m.
Like, they didn’t & nbsp; fought like that, didn & nbsp; always comply with all norms, and & nbsp; and & nbsp; generally, didn & nbsp; want to recognize the “ other truth ''; those who went over to the & nbsp; side of the Nazis.
So it is & nbsp; is & nbsp; & mdash; not & nbsp; recognized. The world was divided into & nbsp; two parts, and & nbsp; staying on the & nbsp; side from & nbsp; this fight was no longer possible. And & nbsp; for & nbsp; meanness and & nbsp; betrayed the apostates according to & nbsp; martial law.
On a frosty day, 23 & nbsp; November 1941, the Nazis drove the inhabitants of the village of Peno to the & nbsp; Volga bank. An exhausted girl, who had been tortured before & nbsp;, was taken to a crowd of people surrounded by machine gunners. The & nbsp; question “ Who are you & nbsp; are you? '' she stubbornly answered: “ Ivanova from & nbsp; Leningrad. ''
The German officer was stumped. Appointed Warden local resident Timofey Kolosov assured that the girl he & nbsp; gave to the Hitlerite command & nbsp; & mdash; local Komsomol secretary Liza Chaikina associated with & nbsp; partisans. However, it was not possible to get any evidence from & nbsp; and & nbsp; the German, who treated Kolosov with disgust, suspected him of fraud. After all, a reward was assigned for the & nbsp; capture of the partisans, and & nbsp; the headman could poke a finger at any & nbsp; just to make money.
“ This is Lizka Chaikina, their & nbsp; leader of the Komsomol! ''
Having gathered the residents of Peno, the German hoped to receive confirmation of Kolosov's words. In & nbsp; otherwise, he & nbsp; threatened to deal with the annoying headman.
“ Who knows this girl? '' & nbsp; & mdash; asked the officer, looking around the crowd. The answer was silence. He asked the same question again. This is Lizka Chaikina, their & nbsp; leader of the Komsomol! & Raquo;, & nbsp; & mdash; one of the standing women suddenly declared. Arina Kruglova , a local speculator, enjoyed the moment. The power of the communists, who did not & nbsp; & nbsp; roam with might and main, is over, now she will decide fate.
For the Germans, Kruglova's words, along with & nbsp; Kolosov's testimony, were enough. He signaled and the girl was taken to the & nbsp; execution site.
Lisa was executed in the & nbsp; eyes of local residents, trying to show by this that any resistance to the occupation authorities would be brutally suppressed.
But & nbsp; people saw something else & nbsp; & mdash; there are & nbsp; those who cannot & nbsp; break. And & nbsp; they are ready to fight, no matter & nbsp; whatever.
Girl of her era
Lisa was born in the & nbsp; village of Runo, Tver region, where the school appeared only in & nbsp; 1928 & nbsp; year. So she only went to study at & nbsp; 10 & nbsp; years, and & nbsp; after the fourth grade finished her education. To study further, it was necessary to move to the & nbsp; Peno regional center, and & nbsp; there were no & nbsp; opportunities for this.
Liza's father was an invalid of the First World War, and & nbsp; almost all the worries of & nbsp; family maintenance lay on & nbsp; mother's shoulders, Ksenia Prokofievna . Therefore, children in the & nbsp; Chaikin family started their career early in order to help their mother.
This does not & nbsp; mean that Lisa did not & nbsp; strive for & nbsp; knowledge. She was engaged in self-education, read a lot, and & nbsp; in & nbsp; 15 & nbsp; years, becoming a Komsomol member, became the head of the hut-reading room. In the & nbsp; 1930s, for the village, the hut-reading room was a kind of cultural center, where & nbsp; not only got acquainted with & nbsp; literature, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; got acquainted with & nbsp; the latest news of life in & nbsp; country.
& Nbsp; Lisa really had amazing organizational skills. The work of the reading room was built so well that they began to set it as an example for other villages. And & nbsp; the girl herself was first elected secretary of the local territorial Komsomol organization, and & nbsp; then was taken for a & nbsp; promotion. In & nbsp; 1938, Chaikina, who became a member of the party, worked as an instructor at the district newspaper Leninsky Drummer, and & nbsp; then as the head of the distribution and & nbsp; press forwarding department of the Penov communications office.
The right to go ahead
In & nbsp; 1939, Liza becomes the secretary of the Komsomol district committee. Friends and & nbsp; acquaintances, half-jokingly, half-seriously, promised Chaikina a career in & nbsp; Moscow, in the & nbsp; Central Committee & nbsp; Komsomol, and & nbsp; and & nbsp; and & nbsp; and & nbsp; in & nbsp; Party Central Committee.
With the beginning of World War II, Chaikina helped to form teams of conscripts, spoke at & nbsp; rallies and & nbsp; was preparing to fight herself. Members of the Komsomol who were not & nbsp; subject to conscription took an accelerated course in military science, preparing for & nbsp; guerrilla warfare. On the & nbsp; case of the arrival of the Germans, a partisan detachment was formed, a forest base was prepared, the composition of the underground party committees and the & nbsp; Komsomol was formed.
Before the arrival of the invaders, Chaikina was engaged in harvesting & nbsp; & mdash; he & nbsp; was not & nbsp; was supposed to go to the enemy, but & nbsp; was supposed to help the local residents survive the winter and & nbsp; provide a food base for the partisans. This task was solved literally on the eve of the German occupation.
The Nazis occupied Peno on 10 & nbsp; October 1941 & nbsp; year, and & nbsp; already on & nbsp; the next day a partisan detachment began to operate in the local forests. The secretary of the underground district committee of the Komsomol Chaikina was a member of the & nbsp; group responsible for & nbsp; intelligence, and & nbsp; also conducting campaign work in & nbsp; German-occupied villages.
The secretary's position did not & nbsp; mean the possibility of avoiding the risk itself & nbsp; & mdash; Liza moved from & nbsp; village to & nbsp; village, distributing leaflets through trusted people and & nbsp; collecting information about & nbsp; Hitler's troops.
Comrade. Chaikina did not & nbsp; chickened out, did not & nbsp; betrayed her comrades, behaved courageously and & nbsp; proudly & raquo;
From & nbsp; 12 & nbsp; to & nbsp; 21 & nbsp; November 1941, she visited 14 & nbsp; villages. Before returning to the & nbsp; detachment, Liza stopped at & nbsp; an overnight stay at the & nbsp; cordon Krasnoe Pokatishche, in the & nbsp; house of her friend-underground worker Maria Kuporova .
It was there that her & nbsp; and & nbsp; was tracked down by the headman Kolosov who sent his son to notify the Germans. In the morning, the Kuporovs' house was surrounded.
Lisa managed to escape, and & nbsp; she went into the & nbsp; forest. The German chasing & nbsp; her yelled: “ Don't & nbsp; stop & nbsp; & mdash; we will shoot everyone who lives on the & nbsp; khutor! '' And & nbsp; the Komsomol secretary decided to surrender, so as not to & nbsp; allow the death of any & nbsp; than innocent people. But her sacrifice & nbsp; was in vain. The Kuporov family was shot for & nbsp; harboring a partisan. Because decent and & nbsp; conscientious fascists & nbsp; & mdash; this is something from & nbsp; modern Russian cinema, and & nbsp; not & nbsp; from & nbsp; reality of 1941 & nbsp; year.
On January 26, 1942, the Central Committee of the Komsomol sent a letter to the & nbsp; name Secretary of the Central Committee & nbsp; VKP & nbsp; (b) Andrey Andreev , in & nbsp; which said: “ Central Committee & nbsp; Komsomol reports & nbsp; exceptional heroism of the secretary of the Penovsky district committee of the Komsomol of the Kalinin region & nbsp; t. Chaikina Elizaveta Ivanovna, shown by her & nbsp; in the & nbsp; fight against & nbsp; German invaders. … When the Penovsky region was occupied by the German invaders, Comrade. Chaikina created an underground Komsomol organization of & nbsp; 15 & nbsp; people and & nbsp; with & nbsp; a group of Komsomol members in & nbsp; 26 & nbsp; people went to a & nbsp; partisan detachment. The Komsomol members who remained in the & nbsp; villages actively helped the partisan detachment in the & nbsp; fight against the German invaders.
Comrade Chaikina & nbsp; E. & nbsp; I. proved to be a remarkable fighter, participated in & nbsp; three battles, mined roads, blew up bridges, successfully went to & nbsp; reconnaissance and & nbsp; and at the same time carried out a lot of political work among the population. & nbsp; 22 & nbsp; November 1941 & nbsp; city & nbsp; & nbsp; ; khutore & bdquo; Krasnoe pokatishche & ldquo; Comrade Chaikina was betrayed and & nbsp; arrested by a German punitive detachment.
The Kuporov family, who sheltered Lisa from the & nbsp; German fascists, was shot by the Germans at & nbsp; place. Hitler's beasts exposed & nbsp; t. They threatened Chaikin with unbearable torture, they threatened him with death, they tried to bribe him with a promise to give him life if it would give away the location of the partisan detachment. But & nbsp; this is a test & nbsp; t. I took out Chaikin with & nbsp; honor. The Nazis, not & nbsp; having not gotten a word from & nbsp; her, decided to publicly shoot & nbsp; t. Chaikin. Comrade Chaikina did not & nbsp; cowardly, did not & nbsp; betrayed her comrades, behaved courageously and & nbsp; proudly, up to the last minute of her life showed the high ideological qualities of a Bolshevik.
She died a hero's death.
According to the & nbsp; verdict of a partisan court
This letter was written after Peno was freed from the & nbsp; Nazis. But & nbsp; those who betrayed Lisa got what they deserved much earlier.
The intelligence of the partisans received a message about & nbsp; execution of Lisa on & nbsp; the same day when the Germans dealt with her. The partisan court sentenced Arina Kruglova to death, and & nbsp; also father and & nbsp; son Kolosov. & Nbsp; November 25 & nbsp; On November 25, 1941, the Semyon Larionov partisan group stole all three traitors from & nbsp; Peno. Without lawyers, without petitions for & nbsp; pardon, without the ability to refer to the & nbsp; clouding of reason, according to the & nbsp; martial law in the & nbsp; forest, they were & nbsp; paid tribute.
And & nbsp; residents of Peno, having learned about & nbsp; understood their & nbsp; death, and & nbsp; that the people's power has not gone anywhere, and she will appreciate everyone the way he & nbsp; deserves it. For courage and & nbsp; heroism shown in & nbsp; partisan struggle in the & nbsp; rear against the German invaders, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated & nbsp; 6 & nbsp; March 1942, Elizaveta Ivanovna Chaikina was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously). ; & mdash; perhaps they & nbsp; now need to be looked for in the & nbsp; lists of innocent repressed?